What is design in architecture?

What is design in architecture? Applet3D Architecture

Intro

The initial stage of any construction is the procedure of the architectural design. It allows you to create an image of the future structure and calculate the exact amount of materials. The durability of the house and the comfort of living in it depend on the correctness of the architecture design project. Besides, there are many details to consider when developing architectural designs. An illiterately designed project can lead to disastrous consequences and a waste of money. So, what is architectural design, why is it so important, and what is the architectural design process itself? Let’s go deeper.

Architect Design Opening Applet3D

What is architecture design?

Architecture design is a type of project activity aimed at creating an aesthetic and comfortable environment for human habitation. In short, it is the art of designing buildings and their construction. Architectural design allows you to create such objects, which are already considered components of the aesthetic organization of the architectural environment during the design process. Thanks to such complex solutions, architectural objects become not just buildings, they influence the formation of living conditions and the appearance of modern cities. The essence of architectural building design is the correlation of technical standards, construction rules, and aesthetic components in the design and planning of buildings. Architect design is aimed at realizing the ideas of clients, making future buildings comfortable for living.

We are accustomed to perceiving an architectural project as a complex of schemes and drawings with many signs and symbols that are understandable only to professionals. However, architect designing is not only pure geometry but also factors in the perception of space and aesthetics. The lines represent only the shapes, sizes, and positions of different spaces. When working on an architectural project, an expert must take into account the needs and resources of the customer, the aesthetic and technical characteristics of the object, and, of course, the construction rules.

The main task of design in architecture is to find optimal building solutions, the use of various techniques, and the selection of materials to create comfortable and aesthetic conditions for life, work, and leisure. Thanks to such an approach in the design of the architectural environment, it is possible to create original facade projects, comfortable, beautiful, and safe places for walking, playing, and playing sports outside buildings. Directions for the architectural design of objects:

  1. Architecture design of residential buildings. Work is underway on the design of the appearance of the house, its interior, and the local area.
  2. Architectural and construction design of public buildings. This category includes offices, banks, shopping centers, and shops. Designers and architects are working to create an image of the building that will attract customers.
  3. Architectural and urban design. Projects of ergonomic buildings and structures in urban industrial zones are developed taking into account the specifics of the object, its location, the characteristics of the surrounding landscape, and climatic conditions.
  4. Architectural and constructive design of parks, squares, embankments, city squares, and streets. It includes the planning of public places and plots of country houses.

So, in this case, design is understood as a creative process, and architecture is focused on the technical aspect of developing and presenting solutions.

Want to know more about Architecture? We have some interesting facts about it for you.

What is a design architect?

An architectural designer is a person involved in the design of buildings or urban landscapes from the concept phase to completion. Based on the project objectives, he creates project plans, drawings, and specifications. The work of a design architect requires knowledge of construction, design, science, and mathematics to create effective and attractive building projects. They work under the direct supervision of licensed architects.

What does an architectural designer do? His tasks may include:

  • collaborating with clients to discuss project requirements, schedule, and budget;
  • creation of project plans, drawings, and specifications;
  • adjusting the project according to the client’s feedback;
  • interaction with engineers, builders, architects, and project managers on project implementation;
  • calculation of cost estimates, time, technique, and construction based on the project;
  • ensuring that the project complies with building standards and regulations;
  • collection and use of data on materials, sizes, and measurements for project plans;
  • visiting construction sites to supervise the project.

Look at the example. This architectural design was created by Zaha Hadid – creative architect, whose name is famous for the most inconceivable, amazingly beautiful and functional buildings of all possible shapes and types.

Architectural design
Science Centre Project in Singapore

Architectural design concept

An architectural design concept is an abstract idea that guides a project and is its core identity. It is the fundamental starting point from which all architectural ideas emerge and develop. The architect design concept is what drives the project forward and provides the basic framework for its operation.

The purpose of creating an architectural concept is to assess the scope and timing of design, to get an idea of ​​the architectural features of the object, the complexity of design, and the volume of construction. It cannot be said that it remains constant throughout the project. As the design changes, the concept can also change.

The architectural design concept is the first part of the project and precedes all other activities in the design process. Only after the design concept has been developed and finalized can the project be started in earnest. Let’s talk about this further.

Architecture design process

The architecture design of buildings consists of several stages. Depending on the type and purpose of the object, the stages may differ, but in general, they are identical. The process of design in architecture consists of the following steps:

Pre-project preparation. First, specialists determine the wishes and visions of the client, analyze the object, evaluate the feasibility of construction, compliance with the existing architectural style. In addition, specialists study the location of the site, take soil samples, and conduct geodetic measurements. Based on this, schematic sketches of all the necessary objects are made.

At this stage of designing architecture, it is necessary to obtain all the initial information, photo, and video materials, and, based on the information obtained, conduct a detailed analysis, form certain architectural ideas and smoothly proceed to the second stage of architect design.
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Design development. The second stage of architecture designing is the creation of the project concept. The concept allows assessing the potential of the future object and clearly outlining further work. It is at this stage of architectural design that one should get a general idea of ​​the object being created and make a general assessment.
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The third stage of design architecture is the creation of a schematic design. It allows you to determine the main characteristics of the building, its layout, and its appearance. That is, the schematic design allows the customer to get a detailed idea of ​​the future building, namely, to see the drawings of the internal floor layout and the exterior of the house, including in volume. If necessary, the customer can make adjustments to the building project, or choose from several project options. After the schematic design of the building is accepted and approved by the customer, it becomes the basis for further work.
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Construction documentation. The architect draws up a package of project documentation with all drawings and plans and technical specifications (it may include general data, floor plans, facades, roofs, assemblies, details, an architectural section, an explanatory note, and so on). This entire set is necessary to coordinate the object being created and further construction. The package of documentation is transferred to the contractor, which is guided during construction.
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After the approval of the design concept and the search for a contractor, the construction begins. The architect and the contractor communicate with each other to ensure compliance of the construction with all plans and requirements of the project documentation and customer wishes.

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What is the difference between architecture and architectural design?

Design and architecture are closely related; each of them is important. Only when they are used and in the right balance can we arrive at useful and workable solutions. However, it is worth understanding the differences between these concepts. 

Architecture is the general practice of building design, from initial designs to the construction process. The architecture focuses on abstractions that can be used in different structures – it supports a wide range of designs.

Design in architecture is a pure design aspect of the process. Design refers to the practice and implementation, that is, to the development of an object by its specific purpose (a plan for building something specific).

Achitecture And Architectural Design

What is the difference between an architect and an architectural designer?

Speaking of architectural design, the logical question may arise: is there any difference between an architect and an architectural designer? At first glance, it may seem that this is the same person, but there is a significant distinction between them. 

An architect is a licensed professional who designs the building’s interior and exterior. Architects are required to have a formal university degree in architecture and pass the ARE (Architectural Registration Examination) exam. This exam is important for validating the professional’s technical and critical architectural knowledge about the safety and well-being of buildings, their occupants, and the environment. In addition, architects must register with the governing body of the state in which they are located and work. In general, architects work on more complex and large-scale projects than architectural designers.

Design architects are considered entry-level architects and are not required to complete an ARE. There are no formal qualification requirements to become a design architect. They focus only on the designing architecture aspect and may specialize in a particular type of building. People often hold this position before becoming licensed architects.

Importance of architecture design

Architectural design has always played a vital role in the construction of any structure. Even in times when this concept did not yet exist, people paid tribute to the construction of large, impressive, multifunctional buildings, thinking through every architectural concept to the smallest detail. Depending on the purpose – to demonstrate strength and power, fortify against enemies, or worship the gods – buildings had to meet certain standards and provide certain functions. It still amazes us how the Egyptian pyramids were created and how they exist for so long. Architecture design is an integral part of object planning. It takes into account such important components as safety and durability, appearance, and aesthetic appeal.

Every detail of the design will affect the daily life of those who will use the space. If all the buildings looked the same, wouldn’t it be boring or depressing? When it comes to aesthetics, it is important to you that the space matches your vision and creates the right atmosphere. However, no matter how attractive a house is, if it does not meet your requirements for a comfortable life, you are unlikely to want to invest in it. It’s about functionality – there is a need for the most efficient space. The new building must meet the needs of the person who owns it, be resistant to time and weather conditions, and comply with local building codes and regulations. But it should also be unique and artistically attractive. This is the importance of architectural designing and the integrity of the work of architects.

Types of architecture design

Trends in architecture and design change very quickly, taking on new forms and manifestations. Architecture design of buildings helps to consider various factors such as safety, location, and aesthetics when developing new ideas and design concepts. Structures intended for different purposes cover certain requirements for successful functioning. Architectural designers strive to find practical and cost-effective design solutions. Green roofs on buildings and the addition of solar panels are becoming popular. Architecture and nature combine forms change and new elements are added.

Among the most famous types of architecture are:

  • Ancient and Gothic architecture
  • Baroque
  • Neoclassical
  • Victorian
  • Modern and postmodern architecture
  • Neofuturistic architecture.

Learn more about Architectural types.

Conclusion

The architectural design is the necessary basis for the final architectural construction because it takes into account both the creative and aesthetic aspects of the process, as well as the various factors of the use of space that technically can or cannot be realized.

In this article, we helped you to understand the architectural design definition, told you what is an architectural designer, explained what the phases of architectural design are, and much more. Use our 3D architectural rendering services to make the first step to realizing your project!

Ira maksymova author

Author of Applet 3D articles. In passion about art, so writing about design, architecture, the animation is a great chance to enjoy my work. Rule of life - set little goals but achieve big results.

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